Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most commonly injured ligaments of the knee. Many active people who injure this ligament, and will require an ACL reconstruction, and this is one of the most commonly performed procedures in our practice here in Dubai. In general, the incidence of ACL injury is higher in people who participate in high-risk sports, such as basketball, rugby, net ball, skiing, kite-boarding, and soccer.
We determine if an ACL injury is present by taking a good history, and physical examination. Many people report that their knee feels loose or unstable, or may continue to give out or buckle. Two of the tests that we commonly perform to demonstrate laxity are the Lachman Test, and the Pivot Shift Test. Both of these tests are demonstrated in the following videos.
If the initial examination suggests an ACL injury, further tests are completed, most commonly a MRI of the knee. A sample image is seen below.
If it is determined that for all those involved that the ACL should be repaired, the patient is scheduled for surgery and taken to a hospital or surgery to undergo the operation to reconstruct the ACL.
We commonly use one of two different grafts, or tissue to replace the torn ligament. We use part of the patellar tendon, or a hamstring tendon to replace torn ligament. Images of a patellar graft, and hamstring graft is shown below. In many cases the choice of graft is made prior to the surgery.